Over the past fifty years or so, breeders round the world have managed to make wonderful color mutations from normal grey cockatiels.
Some breeders spend their lives experimenting and trying to get the next beautiful color variation. Unlike some other bird species, cockatiels cannot be interbred. They are unique birds, and only breed within their own species.
The most common varieties of cockatiel include normal, cinnamon, white faced, Lutino, Albino, dominant silver and Pearl. There is no record of a color mutation in a cockatiel every occurring in the wild. This art was developed by breeders of the bird.
The Normal Grey
This is the natural form of cockatiel and is the most common variety that we all know today.
This mutation was established in Belgium in the late 1960’s. Cinnamons can vary widely in their shade of color and the adult cocks tend to be darker. The eyes and legs are lighter than that of the normal grey cockatiel. Cinnamon cockatiels are recognized by a warm brownish tinge in their plumage.
The fallow cockatiel made its first appearance in Florida in 1971. Fallows have red eyes and a grayish yellow body coloration that distinguishes them from cinnamons. The depth of color does vary and the cocks are darker than the hens.
The dominant silver is the most recent cockatiel mutation, and emerged from the UK. The first one recorded was seen in a pet shop in 1979. This mutation was successfully developed more with careful inbreeding.
The pearl cockatiel was first bred in 1967 in West Germany. These cockatiels have white markings on their backs and wings in various patterns. Some have more white than others. The markings are often scalloped and look like lace patterning on the cockatiel’s back.
The lutino cockatiel is the most popular cockatiel mutation. The lutino originated in 1958 with a Florida breeder. The early lutino’s sold for a fortune, but nowadays they are almost as common as the grey’s. Lutino’s often used to be referred to as albino, until the true albino emerged, which was pure white with no yellow coloration. A genetic flaw associated with the lutino is a bald patch on the top of its head. Breeders should not pair these together, or the bald patch will become widespread among their breeding cockatiels.
Pieds are the oldest of the cockatiel mutations. They were being bred in California as long ago as 1949. These cockatiels have a mixture of dark and light feathers. The variations are endless here, with the lighter mutations being the most attractive.
These cockatiels were first recorded in New Zealand in the early 1950’s, but this strain was never established until the sixties. The eye coloration is red, and this is what distinguishes them from the dominant silver. In the earlier mutations, there was a problem with blindness which has since been overcome, but this species type remains rare.
This mutation was first recorded in Holland in 1969. The yellow faces and orange cheeks are missing in this mutation, and the albino mutation followed on this one. Lots of different mutations have come out of the white faced cockatiel, including the pearl and cinnamon forms.
This is the newest and most prized variation. They are pure white and are proving very popular.
Other variations have been recorded from time to time over the years, but none have been established. The next achievement will be a totally black cockatiel. No matter what, the popularity of owning cockatiels is only going to keep getting stronger in the future.